Teaching Mathematics

How We Teach Mathematics


Maths is taught daily throughout school with significant emphasis on children using practical resources to support, challenge and extend their learning.  Wherever possible, activities are linked to real life experiences.


Early Years


In Early Years, children are given opportunities to explore and develop mathematical concepts both in the classroom and outdoors.  Numicon (a multi-sensory approach to teaching Mathematics) is used by teachers to develop children’s understanding of numbers.



In Key Stage 1


In Key Stage 1, practical resources (including Numicon) continue to be used to support learning.  Children are introduced to different ways of recording their work, initially through informal jottings then via more structured calculations.


Children regularly count forwards and backwards on a number line or number square initially in steps of 1 then gradually progressing to steps of 2, 5, 10 and 3.  Mental agility is further tested as the children learn their number bonds up to 10 (e.g. 2 + ? = 10, 4 + ? =10 etc.).  The children are stretched as they learn number bonds to 20 and some basic multiplication facts in preparation for harder calculations in Key Stage 2.


In Key Stage 2

In Key Stage 2, there is a continued emphasis on the development of mental calculation skills, often through the children solving real-life problems.  This supports the development of skills needed to solve problems quickly and accurately.  The principles of multiplication and division are practised regularly and each half term a timed multiplication test is set for all children.

The children are introduced to more formal ways of recording calculations e.g. column addition and subtraction; they learn how to solve more complex, multi stepped problems, to estimate and reason.  Practical resources continue to be used throughout Key Stage 2 to teach Mathematical concepts.

Schofield and Simms

Throughout Key Stage 1 and 2, Schofield and Simms mental arithmetic booklets are used to support and extend mental agility.


Calculation Policy

For further information on how we teach addition, subtraction, multiplication and division throughout School, please refer to our Calculation Methodology Policy.






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